for the purpose of effective and meaningful consultation with
the political parties, the Code of Conduct for 1997 General
Elections was published in newspapers and was given extensive
publicity through electronic and print media on 5th July,
2002 for eliciting their valuable suggestions by 5th August,
2002 as to whether the provisions of afore-mentioned Code
of Conduct may be retained in its present form or any of its
provision may be modified or amended or some new provisions
may be added to the Code of Conduct for General Elections,
And whereas pursuant to the aforesaid measures taken by the
Election Commission, proposals have been received from political
parties which have been given due consideration;
Now, therefore, in pursuance of Article 218(2) of the Constitution
of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, read with Articles 5(3) and
6 of the Election Commission Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's
Order No. 1 of 2002), and Article 18 of Political Parties
Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 18 of 2002), and
all other powers enabling in that behalf, the Election Commission
is pleased to issue the following Code of Conduct for political
parties and contesting candidates for the forthcoming General
(1) The political parties shall not propagate any opinion,
or act in any manner prejudicial to the ideology of Pakistan,
or the sovereignty, integrity or security of Pakistan, or
morality, or the maintenance of public order, or the integrity
or independence of the judiciary of Pakistan, or which defames
or brings into ridicule the judiciary or the armed forces
of Pakistan, as provided under Article 63 of the Constitution.
(2) Criticism of other political parties, when made, shall
be confined to their policies and programme, past record and
work. Parties and candidates shall refrain from criticism
of all aspects of private life, not connected with the public
activities of the leaders or workers of other parties. Criticism
of other parties or their workers based on unverified allegations
or on distortion shall be avoided.
(3) Concerned political parties and contesting candidates
may announce their overall development programme. But following
the announcement of the election schedule till the day of
polling, no candidate or any person on his behalf shall, openly
or in secret, given any subscription or donation, or make
promise for giving such subscription or donation, to any institution
of their respective constituency or to any other institution,
nor shall commit to undertake any development project in the
(4) All parties and candidates, shall avoid scrupulously all
activities which are "corrupt practices" and offences
under the election law such as the bribing of voters, intimidation
of votes, personation of voters, canvassing within 400 years
of a polling station, holding public meetings during the period
of 48 hours ending with the hour fixed for the close of the
(5) The right of every individual for peaceful and undisturbed
home life shall be respected, however much the political parties
or candidates may resent his political opinions or activities.
Organising demonstrations or picketing before the houses of
individuals by way of protesting against their opinions or
activities shall not be resorted to under any circumstances.
(6) No political party or candidate shall permit his followers
to make use of any individual's land, building, compound wall,
etc. without his permission for creating flag-staffs, suspending
banners, pasting notices, writing slogans, etc.
(7) Political parties and candidates shall ensure that their
supporters do no create obstructions in or break up meetings
and processions organized by the other parties. Workers or
sympathizers of one political party shall not create disturbance
at public meetings organized by another political party.
(8) Processions shall not be taken out by one party along
places at which meetings are being held by another party.
Posters issued by one party shall not be removed by workers
of another party.
(9) The party or candidates shall inform the local administration
of the venue and time of any proposed meeting well in time
so as to enable the police to make necessary arrangements
for controlling traffic and maintaining peace and order.
(10) A party or candidate shall ascertain in advance if there
are any restrictive or prohibitory orders in force in the
place proposed for the meeting. If such order exist, they
shall be followed strictly. If any exception is required form
such orders it shall be applied for and obtained well in time.
(11) Organisers of a meeting shall invariable seek the assistance
of the police on duty for dealing with persons disturbing
a meeting or otherwise attempting to create a disorder. Organisers
themselves shall not take action against such persons.
(12) A party or candidate organizing a procession shall decide
before hand the time and place of the staring of the procession,
the route to be followed and the time and place at which the
procession will terminate. There shall ordinarily be no deviation
from the programme. The organizers shall give advance intimation
to the local police authorities of the programmes so as to
enable them to make necessary arrangements.
(13) The organizers shall ascertain if any restrictive orders
are in force in the localities through which the procession
has to pass, and shall comply with the restrictions unless
exempted specially by competent authority. Any traffic regulations
or restrictions shall also be carefully adhered to.
(14) The organizers shall take steps in advance to arrange
for passage of the procession so that there is no block or
hindrance to traffic. If the procession is very long, it shall
be organized in segments of suitable lengths, so that at convenient
intervals, especially at points where the procession has to
pass read junctions, the passage of held up traffic could
be allowed by stages thus avoiding heavy traffic congestion.
(15) Processions shall be so regulated as to keep as much
to the right of the road as possible and the direction and
advice of the police on duty shall be strictly complied with.
(16) If two or more political parties or candidates propose
to take processions over the same route or parts thereof at
about the same time, the organizers shall establish contact
well in advance and decide upon the measures to be taken to
see that the processions do not clash or cause hindrance to
traffic. The assistance of the local administration shall
be availed of for arriving at a satisfactory arrangement.
For this purpose, the parties shall contract the local administration
at the earliest opportunity.
(17) The political parties or candidates shall exercise control
to the maximum extent possible in the matter of processionists
carrying article which may be put to misuse by undesirable
elements, especially in moments of excitement.
(18) All political parties and candidates shall:---
(i) co-operative with the officers on election duty to ensure
peaceful and orderly polling and complete freedom to the voters
to exercise their franchise without being subjected to any
annoyance or obstruction;
(ii) supply to their authorized workers suitable badges or
(iii) agree that the identity slips supplied by them to voters
shall be on plain (white) papers and shall not contain any
symbol, name of the candidate or the name of the party.
(19) Political parties should carry out a comprehensive plan
for education of voters in the manner of marking the ballot
paper and casting votes.
(20) Excepting the voters, candidates or duly authorized election
agents, no one without a valid pass from the Election Commission
or Provincial Election Commissioner concerned or District
Returning Officers shall enter the polling booths. However,
the Commonwealth/European Union and other recognized bodies
will be provided free access to witness the election process
on production of the identification cards/passes issued to
them by the aforesaid Election Commission authorities.
(21) Section 83A of the Representation of People Act, 1976
lays down that :---
(i) No person or political party shall affix hoarding, posters
or banners larger than the sizes mentioned hereunder :---
(a) Posters 2' x 3'
(b) Hoardings 3' x 5'
(c) Banners 3' x 9'
The local authority and the Returning Officer shall be responsible
for the effective implementation of the provisions of this
(22) Use of stickers of the size 4" x 4" and leaflets/handbills
of the size 9" x 6" shall also be allowed.